Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes
The components of income tax expense were as follows:
April 1, 2021
June 30, 2021
January 1, 2021

March 31, 2021
For the three
months ended
June 30, 2020
For the six
months ended
June 30, 2020
Net (loss) income before income taxes
   $ 125,457     $ 146,734     $ 104,645  
Provision for income taxes
     1,137       448       766  
Effective tax provision rate
     0.91     0.31     0.73
The Company’s income tax expense varies from the expense that would be expected based on statutory rates due principally to its organizational structure. Prior to the Business Combination, FoA Equity operated as a U.S. Partnership which, generally, are not subject to federal and state income taxes. Post transaction, FoA’s effective tax rate differs from the U.S.’s statutory rate primarily due to the noncontrolling interest associated with the portion of FoA Equity income not allocable to FoA and treatment of certain
transactions related to the Replacement RSUs, which are accounted for as discrete items in the interim period in which they occur rather than incorporated into the calculation of the estimated annual effective tax rate.
FoA is taxed as a corporation and is subject to corporate federal, state and local taxes on the income allocated to it from FoA Equity, based upon FoA’s economic interest in FoA Equity, as well as any stand-alone income or loss it generates. FoA Equity and its disregarded subsidiaries are treated as a partnership for U.S. federal and most applicable state and local income tax purposes. As a partnership, FoA Equity is not subject to U.S. federal and certain state and local income taxes. FoA Equity’s members, including FoA, are liable for federal, state and local income taxes based on their allocable share of FoA Equity’s pass-through taxable income, which includes income of FoA Equity’s subsidiaries that are treated as disregarded entities separate from FoA Equity for income tax purposes.
FoA Equity wholly owns Campus Door Inc., BNT Title Company of California, ANTIC Inc. and Silvernest Inc., which are regarded corporate subsidiaries for tax purposes. FoA Equity’s regarded corporate subsidiaries are subject to corporate federal, state and local taxes on income they generate. As such, the consolidated tax provision of FoA addresses corporate taxes that it incurs based on its flow-through income from FoA Equity as well as corporate taxes that are incurred by its regarded subsidiaries.
As a result of the Business Combination, the Company recognized a deferred tax liability (“DTL”) in the net amount of $24.5 million to account for the difference between the Company’s book and tax basis in its investment in FoA Equity. Furthermore, the Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent it believes these assets are
to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent results of operations.
The Company recognizes uncertain income tax positions when it is not
a tax position will be sustained upon examination. As of June 30, 2021 (Successor), the Company has recognized uncertain tax positions related to positions taken at the lower tier regarded corporate subsidiaries named above. The Company accrues interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of the income tax provision. No interest or penalties were recognized in income tax expense for the Successor period from April 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 or for the Predecessor period from January 1, 2021 to March 31, 2021. No interest or penalties were recognized in income tax expense for the Predecessor three months ended and six months ended June 30, 2020. Tax positions taken in tax years that remain open under the statute of limitations will be subject to examinations by tax authorities. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to state or local examinations by tax authorities for tax years ended December 31, 2016 or prior.