Variable Interest Entities and Securitizations
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2021
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Variable Interest Entities and Securitizations||
The Company determined that the SPEs created in connection with its securitizations are VIEs. A VIE is an entity that has either a total equity investment that is insufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support or whose equity investors lack the characteristics of a controlling financial interest. A VIE is consolidated by its primary beneficiary, which is the entity that, through its variable interests has both the power to direct the activities that significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and the obligations to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
FACo securitizes certain of its interests in fix & flip mortgages. The transactions provide debt security holders the ability to invest in a pool of performing loans secured by an investment in real estate. The transactions provide FACo with access to liquidity for the loans and ongoing management fees. The principal and interest on the outstanding debt securities are paid using the cash flows from the underlying loans, which serve as collateral for the debt.
In April 2021, FACo executed its optional redemption of outstanding securitized notes related to the 2018, 2019, and 2020 ANTLR securitizations. As part of the optional redemption, FACo paid off notes with an outstanding principal balance of $175.3 million. The notes were paid off at par.
FAR securitizes certain of its interests in
non-performingreverse mortgages and
non-agencyreverse mortgage loans. The transactions provide investors with the ability to invest in a pool of reverse mortgage loans secured by
residential properties. The transactions provide FAR with access to liquidity for these assets, ongoing servicing fees, and potential residual returns. The principal and interest on the outstanding certificates are paid using the cash flows from the underlying reverse mortgage loans, which serve as collateral for the debt. The securitizations are callable at or following the optional redemption date as defined in the respective indenture agreements.
In February 2021, FAR executed its optional redemption of outstanding securitized notes related to outstanding nonperforming HECM securitizations. As part of the optional redemption, FAR paid off notes with an outstanding principal balance of $294.2 million. The notes were paid off at par.
In April 2021, FAR executed its optional redemption of outstanding securitized notes related to outstanding
non-agencyreverse mortgage securitizations. As part of the optional redemption, FAR paid off notes with an outstanding principal balance of $239.8 million, accrued interest of $6.3 million and discount of $3.7 million.
In their capacity as servicer of the securitized loans, FACo and FAR retain the power to direct the VIE’s activities that most significantly impact the VIEs economic performance. FACo and FAR also retain certain beneficial interests in these trusts which provide exposure to potential gains and losses based on the performance of the trust. As FACo and FAR have both the power to direct the activities that significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and the obligations to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE, the definition of primary beneficiary is met and the trusts are consolidated by the Company through its FACo and FAR subsidiaries.
Certain obligations may arise from the agreements associated with transfers of loans. Under these agreements, the Company may be obligated to repurchase the loans, or otherwise indemnify or reimburse the investor for losses incurred due to material breach of contractual representations and warranties. There were no charge-offs associated with these transferred mortgage loans related to the standard securitization representations and warranties obligations for the Successor period from April 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 or the Predecessor period from January 1, 2021 to March 31, 2021. There were also no charge-offs associated with these transferred mortgage loans for the Predecessor periods for the three months ended June 30, 2020 or for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
The following table presents the assets and liabilities of the Company’s consolidated VIEs, which are included in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition and excludes intercompany balances, except for retained bonds and beneficial interests (in thousands):
FAM securitizes certain of its interests in agency-eligible residential mortgage loans. The transaction provides investors with the ability to invest in a pool of mortgage loans secured by
one-to-four-familyresidential properties and provides FAM with access to liquidity for these assets and ongoing servicing fees. The principal and interest on the outstanding certificates are paid using the cash flows from the underlying mortgage loans, which serve as collateral for the debt. In May 2021, FAM established the Hundred Acre Wood Trust 2021-INV1 (“HAWT 2021-INV1”) trust for the sole purpose of acquiring mortgage loans for securitization. In June 2021, FAM executed the HAWT 2021-INV1 securitization, where FAM’s beneficial interest in the securitization is limited to its U.S. Risk Retention Certificates,
% eligible vertical interest in the Trust. The Company determined that the securitization structure meets the definition of a VIE and concluded that the Company does not hold a significant variable interest in the securitization and that the contractual role as servicer is not a variable interest and does not give the Company the power to direct the activities that most significantly affect the economic performance of the VIE. The transfer of the loans to the VIE was determined to be a sale. The Company derecognized the mortgage loans and did not consolidate the trust.
FAM’s continuing involvement with and exposure to loss from the VIE includes the carrying value of the retained bond, the servicing asset recognized in the sale of the loans, servicing advances in the role as servicer, and obligations under representations and warranties contained in the loan sale agreements. Creditors of the VIE have no recourse to FAM’s assets or general credit. The underlying performance of the mortgage loans transferred has a direct impact on the fair values and cash flows of the beneficial interests held and the servicing asset recognized.
As of June 30, 2021 (Successor), the interests retained upon transfer of the mortgage loans consisted of an interest in each class of securities issued by the VIE and had an initial fair value of $15.7 million. The servicing asset recognized upon sale of the mortgage loans to the VIE had an initial fair value of $1.1 million. Cash proceeds from the securitization were $299.0 million. The Company recorded a gain on sale on the securitization of $12.5 million.
The following table presents a summary of the outstanding collateral and certificate balances for securitization trusts for which the Company was the transferor and that were not consolidated by the Company:
As of June 30, 2021 (Successor) and December 31, 2020 (Predecessor), there were $0.1 million of mortgage loans transferred by the Company to unconsolidated securitization trusts that are 60 days or less past due.
The entire disclosure for a variable interest entity (VIE), including but not limited to, judgments and assumptions in determining whether to consolidate and in identifying the primary beneficiary, gain (loss) recognized on the initial consolidation of the VIE, terms of arrangements, amounts and classification of the VIE's assets and liabilities, and the entity's maximum exposure to loss.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef